Rule TEXT-3
The i element must not be used to italicize text content.


Best Practice Type: Pass/Warning

  • If the italicized content is used for section headers the styling elements should be changed to header elements (h1-h6).
  • If the italicized content is part of a sentence, phrase or word then the replace the i element with the em element.


i (HTML4)

Associated Accessibility Guidelines and Standards

Guideline or
Requirement Priority Test
IITAA 1.2 Use appropriate markup to convey document structure. Required Violation
Section 508 none none
WCAG 1.0 11.2 Avoid deprecated features of W3C technologies. Required Violation
WCAG 2.0 4.1.1 Parsing: In content implemented using markup languages, elements have complete start and end tags, elements are nested according to their specifications, elements do not contain duplicate attributes, and any IDs are unique, except where the specifications allow these features. Required Violation


Evaluation Techniues


Testsuite Tests