The first link on a page should be a skip navigation link.
Best Practice Type: Pass/Check
- The first link on a page should be a skip navigation link that contains the word “skip” and the href attribute should point to an internal destination.
- The skip navigation link should be visible to all users when the link has focus and must comply with other link rules.
Many accessibility requirements, including the Illinois Information Technology Accessibility Act, require the use of the skip navigation link, but there is a disagreement about the utility of skip navigatin link when heading (h1-h6) markup is properly used to indicate the structure of content on the page. Therefore, the presence of the link on a web resource will result in the web resource satisfying this requirement (“Pass”) while the absence of the link will only cause “Check”; the authors can then judge whether they need to include the skip navigation link in their resources.
Associated Accessibility Guidelines and Standards
|IITAA||9.1 Ensure that links are understandable out of context.||Required||Violation|
|Section 508||1194.22 (o) A method shall be provided that permits users to skip repetitive navigation links.||Required||Violation|
|WCAG 1.0||13.6 Group related links, identify the group (for user agents), and, until user agents do so, provide a way to bypass the group.||Required||Violation|
|WCAG 2.0||2.4.1 Bypass Blocks||Required||Violation|
- Testing links using Fangs
- Using WAVE to Test Accessibility of Links
- Testing for Links using the Functional Accessibility Evaluator
- Testing Links Using WAVE Toolbar