Rule MENU-2
The h2 element or another heading element must precede ul and ol elements that appear to be navigation bars.

Description

Best Practice Type: Pass/Fail

The h2 element or another heading element must precede ul and ol elements that appear to be navigation bars.

Notes

  • Only ul and ol elements that appear before the last h1 element in a page as a navigation barfor the purpose of evaluation.
  • ul and ol elements whose li elements are all links or mostly links as navigation bars (only one cell can contain a non-link element).
  • The h2 element, or other heading element, is considered to precede the navigation bar if they are the last element with text content before the navigation bar.

Markup

none

Associated Accessibility Guidelines and Standards

Guideline or
Standard
Requirement Priority Test
Type
IITAA 1.5 Use lists to identify series of related items, including navigation menus. Required Violation
Section 508 1194.22 (o) A method shall be provided that permits users to skip repetitive navigation links. Desirable Violation
WCAG 1.0 13.4 Use navigation mechanisms in a consistent manner. Required Violation
WCAG 2.0 2.4.1 Bypass Blocks Required Violation

Examples

Evaluation Techniues

none

Testsuite Tests

none