When a PDF document is opened in either Adobe Acrobat Reader or Acrobat Professional, the” Bookmarks” navigational panel can be opened from the“View” menu. A bookmark can be linked to a specific location or view within the PDF document. The use of Bookmarks in a PDF document is optional but may be used to provide an additional navigational aid.
Benefits to People with Disabilities
- Bookmarks act as an additional navigational aid allowing assistive technology such as screen readers, to navigate directly to particular parts of the document instead of reading page by page.
Benefits to Everyone
- The use of bookmarks make long documents easier to navigate, provide a visual outline of the document, allow a user to return to a section of a PDF for later reading.
Note: An Acrobat user can add bookmarks to a document only if the security settings allow it.
Benefits to Developers
- Bookmarks may be quickly added to a PDF from Headings and other structured content inside the PDF document. In Acrobat Professional a developer can go to the View menu, select Navigation Panels, and choose the Bookmarks panel, under the options menu, select the option “New Bookmarks from structure…” and then choose which elements to create bookmarks from, such as headings, lists, sections, hyperlinks, table of contents. To select multiple elements control/command click multiple elements.
- Authoring applications may have options that can be set and used to create bookmarks upon conversion of a document to PDF.
- A developer can set the Initial View to Bookmarks Panel and Page from the Initial View tab of the document properties. To access the document properties for a PDF go to the File menu and choose Properties…
Related Accessibility Requirements
Illinois Information Technology Accessibility Standards
- 1.4 Use headings to introduce sections and sub-sections, and use them in the correct order.
- 9.2 Provide a means of skipping past repetitive navigation links.